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Cultural assets and History The business of cultural asset discovery

History of Gyeyang

Relics excavated from Gyeyangsanseong Fortress

Status of relic excavation in Gyeyangsanseong Fortress

Status of relic excavation in Gyeyangsanseong Fortress
Division 1st excavation 2nd excavation 3rd excavation 4th excavation 5th excavation 6th excavation 7th excavation
Place Around the hexagonal pavilion on the west wall East Gate site Drainage well and receiving reservoir of the East Gate site North Gate site, estimated building site around the North Gate, worship site Grave-moved area Entire area of the southwest area of North Gate site 2 observation facilities, 2 wall areas near the observation facilities, building site at the northeast
Size of area 28,306㎡ 3,000㎡ 2,300㎡ 3,000㎡ 15,000㎡ 2,699㎡ 6,570㎡
Organization in charge Archeology Research institute of Sun Moon University Gyeore Institute of Cultural Heritage
Expense 49,920,000 KRW 149,000,000 KRW 235,000,000 KRW 242,632,000 KRW 73,590,000 KRW 251,938,000 KRW 136,436,000 KRW
Period Aug. 12, 2003 ~ Oct. 30, 2003 Dec. 15, 2004 ~ Jun. 11, 2005 May 16, 2006 ~ Nov. 16, 2006 May 15, 2009 ~ Sep. 29, 2009 Aug. 7, 2013 ~ Jan. 22, 2014 Jun. 18, 2014 ~ Dec. 22, 2014 May 22, 2015 ~ Aug. 31, 2015
Relics 13 pieces including 9 pieces of iron arrowhead, 1 piece of ironware, 1 piece of iron ingot, 1 piece of stone mirror, 1 piece of stone pestle, etc. 20 pieces including 2 lower parts of lidded jar, 7 pieces of roof tile, 3 pieces of handle segment, 2 pieces of spindle cart, etc. 40 pieces including 3 mounted flat cups, 1 piece of roof-end tiles with lotus design, 3 pieces of spindle cart, 14 pieces of roof tile, 2 pieces of wooden strip, 2 pieces of strap-shaped handles, etc. 112 pieces including 3 pieces of earthenware, 1 piece of pottery, 6 pieces of porcelain, 25 pieces of roof tiles, 1 piece of earthenware, 76 pieces of ironware, etc 46 pieces including earthenware (plates, rice-cake steamer piece, etc.), roof tiles, stoneware, etc. 19 pieces including about 81 pieces of ironware, 7 pieces of gemstones, earthenware, 578 pieces of roof tiles, 9 building sites, pit dwelling site, etc. 92 pieces including 2 pieces of metal (hinge, spearhead), earthenware (flat roof tile, round roof tile, hard pottery, etc.)
185 pieces were returned to the Korean government. 805 pieces of the relics are currently under examination for further reversion.
73 pieces were kept at Sun Moon University 122 pieces belonged to the National Museum of Korea

Remains found at the excavation site

Relics excavated during the 1st excavation : 13pieces

  • 10 pieces of iron products including iron arrowhead, iron ingot, iron weapon, etc.

    10 pieces of iron products including iron arrowhead, iron ingot, iron weapon, etc

  • 3 pieces of stone mirror and stone pestle

    3 pieces of stone mirror and stone pestle

Relics excavated during the 2nd excavation : 20pieces

  • 19 pieces of roof tiles including burial objects, etc.

    19 pieces of roof tiles including burial objects of Jubuto, etc

  • 1 piece of wooden tablet

    1 piece of wooden strip

Relics excavated during the 3rd excavation : 40pieces

  • 14 pieces of earthenware including mounted flat cup, footed-bowl, etc.

    14 pieces of earthenware including mounted flat cup, footed-bowl, etc.

  • 26 pieces of roof tile including lotus-patterned convex tiles, spiral patterned roof tiles, etc.

    26 pieces of roof tiles including lotus-patterned convex tiles, spiral patterned roof tiles, etc.

Relics excavated during the 4th excavation : 112pieces

  • 44 pieces of roof tile including lotus-patterned convex tiles

    44 pieces of roof tiles including lotus-patterned convex tiles

  • 76 pieces of iron products including blacksmith’s tongs, etc.

    76 pieces of iron products including blacksmith’s tongs, etc.

Relics excavated during the 5th excavation : 46pieces

  • 29 pieces of earthenware

    29 pieces of earthenware

  • 17 pieces of roof tiles including

    17 pieces of roof tiles

Relics excavated during the 6th excavation : 666pieces

  • Ironware including iron spear

    Ironware including iron spear

  • Earthenware and roof tiles

    Earthenware and roof tiles

Relics excavated during the 7th excavation : 94pieces

  • 2 pieces of metal (hinge, spearhead)

    2 pieces of metal objects (hinge, spearhead)

  • 92 pieces of earthenware (flat roof file, round roof tile, hard pottery, etc.)

    92 pieces of earthenware (flat roof tile, convex roof tile, hard pottery, etc.)

Status of relic excavation

Status of the first and second excavation

  • The west wall at the 1st excavation (Fortress wall: 3.8~4.0m in height, 4.0 ~ 4.4m in width)

    The west wall at the first excavation ( height of 3.8~4.0 m, width of 4.0 ~ 4.4 m)

  • The 1st collecting well in the 2nd excavation (Collecting well: 15m for outside diameter, 8m for inside diameter, 4.8m in depth)

    The 1st drainage well at the second excavation (outside diameter of 15 m, inside diameter of 8 m, depth of 4.8 m)

State of the third and fourth excavation

  • The 3rd collecting well in the 3rd excavation

    The third drainage well at the third excavation (outside diameter of 20 m, inside diameter of 10.5 m, depth of 3 m)

  • The North Gate site at the 4th excavation (8.5m in length, 4.0m in width)

    The North Gate site at the fourth excavation (passage with a length of 8.5 m, width of 4.0 m)

State of the fifth and sixth excavation

  • The 3rd collecting well in the 3rd excavation

    The grave area at the fifth trial digging (building site with a size of 1.6x3.2 m, reinforced stone wall with a size of 3.6x2 m)

  • The North Gate site at the 4th excavation (8.5m in length, 4.0m in width)

    The entire area of the North Gate at the sixth excavation (building site with sizes of 7x3.6, 7.6x5.7, 2x6, 4.2x1.7, 11.2x5.2, 5.8x7.5, 2x4, 15.9x6.1, 10x5 )

State of the seventh excavation – 2 observation facilities and 2 buildings

  • Estimated building site 1 (stone alignments) (900x30x15)

    The pit dwelling site at the estimated building site 1 (stone alignments with a size of 900x30x15 )

  • Estimated building site 2 (stone alignments) (229x60x10)

    The pit dwelling site at the estimated building site 2 (stone alignments with a size of 229x60x10)

  • Observation facility 1 (1.2~4m in height, 9.9m in width, 12m in length)

    Observation facility 1 (height of 1.2~4 m, width of 9.9 m, length of 12 m)

  • Observation facility 2 (1.1 ~ 2.2m in height, 9m in width, 8.9m in length)

    Observation facility 2 (height of 1.1 ~ 2.2m, width of 9 m, length of 8.9 m)